Thursday, 6 July 2017

Shapie, M. N. M (1,2) & Mutalib, M. S (1)

1.Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor.


Abstract
The purpose of this study is to describe accuracy among Indonesian Silat athlete during Sea Games 2015. As to refer the study, a video recording during the match was use for the analysis. The skills involve in this study has 3 outcome which is hit target, hit elsewhere, and miss opponent. In dependent sample t-test used to analyse the data between winner and loser.

INTRODUCTION
            Silat is self-defences martial art that from Malaysia, Indonesian, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Brunei. Silat can be learning from early young ages for they can use it as protection. Silat is a combative art of Malay fighting arts. Silat can be divided by two categories which is silat olahraga and silat seni.
            Motion analysis for silat is punch, kick, block, topple, sweep, catch and dodge. Previous study shows that the activity profile during action time. According to Shapie, Oliver, O'Donoghue, and Tong (2009), the nature of work periods within any combat sports depends on the frequency, volume and type of the activity being performed. The objective of this study is to describe the skills involved between the winner and loser as well as to determine the factor that influences the winner to win.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
A video recording of Indonesian Class A and Class D Indonesia team matched during Sea Games in Singapore 2015 used for the analysis. There 2 silat athletes from different country. The matches have 3 rounds which is 2 minute per round and 1 minute for rest interval. The notation involved various skill indicators which is punch, block, topple, kick and sweep. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) is used to calculate the statistical analysis and result. The frequency was taken as data to be analysed.




STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RESULT

1.      Men’s Class A Indonesia Versus Singapore (IND win)
Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
Indonesia
3
18.0000
15.39480
8.88819
Singapore
3
20.3333
4.93288
2.84800

Table 1

HIT TARGET
HIT ELSEWHERE
MISS OPPONENT
TOTAL
INDONESIA
35
5
14
54
SINGAPORE
26
17
18
61


2.      Men’s Class A Indonesia Versus Philippines (IND win)
Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
Indonesia
3
15.0000
14.79865
8.54400
Philippines
3
16.3333
4.93288
2.84800

Table 2

HIT TARGET
HIT ELSEWHERE
MISS OPPONENT
TOTAL
INDONESIA
32
8
5
45
PHILIPPINES
13
22
14
49





3.      Men’s Class A Indonesia Versus Vietnam (IND lose)
Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
Indonesia
3
25.3333
15.69501
9.06152
Vietnam
3
22.6667
11.15049
6.43774

Table 3

HIT TARGET
HIT ELSEWHERE
MISS OPPONENT
TOTAL
INDONESIA
13
20
43
76
VIETNAM
10
27
31
68


4.      Men’s Class D Indonesia Versus Thailand (IND lose)
Group Statistics

group
N
Mean
Std. Deviation
Std. Error Mean
score
Indonesia
3
32.6667
7.23418
4.17665
Thailand
3
35.6667
23.54428
13.59330

Table 4

HIT TARGET
HIT ELSEWHERE
MISS OPPONENT
TOTAL
INDONESIA
           41
28
29
98
THAILAND
60
34
13
107


DISCUSSION
            As the result, we can see from table 3 and table 4 which is Indonesia versus Veitnam men’s Class A final (table 3) and Indonesia versus Thailand men’s Class D lost the match. What we can see on the table 3 and table 4 which the opponent has more hit target compare to the both class Indonesia team. So win point give to the team which has more accuracy. While table 1 and table 2 which is Indonesia versus Singapore (table 1) and Indonesia versus Philippine (table 2) men’s Class A for both match, win the match. We can see Indonesia has more target than their opponents. Which give them advantage to get more point and win game.

CONCLUSION
            In conclusion, every match shows a good performance during match. Accuracy play important role in Silat olahraga. Hit the target will get more point. While the miss opponent will give advantage to the opponent team and will give them point to win. What we can see from the video recording men’s Class A, the athlete tries more kick than use sweep. That action also gives advantage to the opponent which the opponent will try to sweep.
RECOMMENDATION
            By watched the video recording, especially final match men’s Class A, what we can see is sometime every plan need to have another backup plan. Because game plan is a key to success, sometime it can be intercepted by the opponent. Try not to rigid by following the game plan. Sometime we need to act spontaneous so the opponent cannot predict our next move and plan which make the athlete unpredictable.


REFERENCES


1.      Abidin, N. Z., & Adam, M. B. (2013). Prediction of vertical jump height from anthropometric factors in male and female martial arts athletes. The Malaysian journal of medical sciences: MJMS, 20(1), 39.
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9.     Pencak Silat Tanding Men's Class A Final INA vs VIE (Day 9) - 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TogWi7jsKcU&t=25s

10.  Pencak Silat Men's Tanding Class A Semi-Final PHI vs INA (Day 8) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5JphsM7YiU
11.  Pencak Silat Tanding Category Indonesia vs Singapore (Day 6) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015                  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdKHSsMioug

12.  Pencak Silat Tanding Men's Class D Semi-Final THAI vs INA(Day 8) | 28th SEA Games Singapore 2015 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=38l1L7K_Bf0&t=83s
13.  Shapie, M. N. M., Oliver, J., O'Donoghue, P., & Tong, R. (2009). Activity during action time in international silat competition. Paper presented at the 3rd International Workshop of the International Society of Performance Analysis of Sport.
15.  Stark, S. (2008). Pencak silat pertempuran: Stepping from stone to stone: Sean Stark.
16.  Widiastuti, W. (2014). Using game approach in improving learning outcomes of pencak silat. Asian Social Science, 10(5), 168.